Coptic Calendar

The coptic calendar is based on the ancient Egyptian calendar and is used by the Coptic Orthodox Church for its liturgical readings and determination and commemoration of dates for fasts and feasts. The calendar has 13 months, 12 months of 30 days each and and one month of  5-6 days, depending on whether the year is a leap year or not. The coptic year starts on 11th September in the Gregorian Calendar or on the 12th in the year before (Gregorian) leap years. The coptic leap year follows the same rules as the Gregorian, so that the extra month always has 6 days in the year before a Gregorianl leap year.

 Coptic Month

Start Date 

 Thout  September 11/12
 Paopi  October 11/12
 Hathor  November 10/11
 Koiak  December 10/11
 Tobi  January 9/10
 Meshir  February 8/9
 Baremhat  March 10
 Baremoude  April 9
 Pashons  May 9
 Paoni  June 8
 Epip  July 8
 Mesori  August 7
 Little Month  September 6

Coptic Feasts and Fasts

Everyday, we celebrate our salvation and the life of victory in Christ our Good Savior. Every Sunday, the Church celebrates Christ's birth, suffering, death, and Resurrection. The Church has 14 Feasts for the Lord, 7 major ones and 7 minor ones. On average the Church commemorates 3 martyrs every day of the year.  

The Seven Major Feasts of the Lord:

  1. Annunciation (Barmahat 29)
  2. Nativity / Christmas (Koiak 29/ January 7)
  3. Epiphany (The Revelation of the Divinity of the Lord) (Tobi 11/January 19)
  4. Palm Sunday (Floats)
  5. Resurrection (Easter (Floats)
  6. Ascension (40 days after resurrection)
  7. Pentecost (50 days after Resurrection)

The Seven Minor Feasts of the Lord:

  1. Circumcision (Tobi 6/January 14)
  2. Entering the Temple (Meshir 8)
  3. Visit to Egypt (Pashons 24)
  4. The Wedding at Canna of Galilee (Tobi 13)
  5. Transfiguration (Mesori 13)
  6. Maundy / Covenant Thursday (Floats)
  7. Thomas Sunday (First Sunday after Easter Sunday)

The Feasts of the Cross:

  1. The Discovery of the Cross (Thout 17,18,19)
  2. The Appearance of the Cross (Baramahat 10)

Other prominent Feasts include:

  1. The Virgin Mary's Entrance to the temple (dedication) (Koiak 3)
  2. The departure / dormition of the Virgin Mary (Tobi 21)
  3. The Ascension of the Virgin Mary's body (Mesori 16)
  4. Archangel Michael (Hathor 12) 
  5. Archangel Gabriel (Koiak 22)
  6. Archangel Rafael (Nessi 3)
  7. The Four Incorporeal Beasts (Hathor 8)
  8. The 24 Priests (Hathor 24)
  9. The Martyrdom of John the Baptist (Thout 2)
  10. Apostles / Peter and Paul (Epip 5, July 12)
  11. Nayrouz / the Coptic New Year (Thout 1st, September 11th/12th)
  12. St. Mark (Baremoude 30) 

The Church commemorates the Annunciation, Nativity and Resurrection of our Lord on the 29th day; the Virgin Mary on the 21st day; and the Archangel Michael on the 12th day of each coptic month.

These are the dates for the Feasts and Fasts of the Coptic Orthodox Church that change every year. 

 Year 

 Jonah's Fast

 Start of Lent

Resurrection

Ascension 

Pentecost  

Start of Apostles' Fast 

 2016/
1732
 22-24 Feb  7 March  1 May  9 June  19 June  20 June
 14-16 Meshir  28 Meshir  23 Baremoude  2 Paoni  12 Paoni  13 Paoni
 2017/
1733
 6-8 Feb  20 Feb  16 April  25 May  4 June  5 June
 29 Tobi - 1 Meshir  13 Meshir  8 Baremoude  17 Pashons  27 Pashons  28 Pashons
 2018/
1734
 29-31 Jan  12 Feb  8 April  17 May  27 May  28 May
 21-23 Tobi  5 Meshir  30 Baremhat  9 Pashons  19 Pashons  20 Pashons
 2019/
1735
 18-20 Feb  4 March  28 April  6 June  16 June  17 June
 11-13 Meshir  25 Meshir  20 Baremoude  29 Pashons  9 Paoni  10 Paoni
 2020/
1736
 10-12 Feb  24 Feb  19 April  28 May  7 June  8 June
 2-4 Meshir  16 Meshir  11 Baremoude  20 Pashons  30 Pashons  1 Paoni
 2021/
1737
 22-24 Feb  8 March  2 May  10 June  20 June  21 June
 15 Meshir  29 Meshir  24 Baremoude  3 Paoni  13 Paoni  14 Paoni

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